What is TBI?
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can happen to anyone at anytime… TBI can happen in an instant and have effects that last a lifetime.
TBI’s can occur in various ways including
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI can be classified based on severity, mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area).
TBI is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, especially in children and young adults. Causes include but are not limited to falls, vehicle accidents, and violence.
Brain trauma can occur as a consequence of a focal impact upon the head (head being struck), by a sudden acceleration/deceleration within the cranium or by a complex combination of both movement and sudden impact (whiplash). In addition to the damage caused at the moment of injury, brain trauma causes secondary injury, a variety of events that take place in the minutes and days following the injury. These processes, which include alterations in cerebral blood flow and the pressure within the skull, contribute substantially to the damage from the initial injury.
TBI can cause a host of physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral effects, and outcome can range from complete recovery to permanent disability or death. The 20th century saw critical developments in diagnosis and treatment that decreased death rates and improved outcome. Some of the current imaging techniques used for diagnosis and treatment include CT scans (computed tomography) and MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging). Depending on the injury, treatment required may be minimal or may include interventions such as medications, emergency surgery or surgery years later. Physical therapy, speech therapy, recreation therapy, occupational therapy and vision therapy may be employed for rehabilitation.
but the good news is steps can be taken to reverse damage done and heal your brain. Slightly after the turn of the last century scientists discovered something that changed the neurological paradigm forever. Just as a scar on your skin like a cut heals, so does the brain.
You can think of this by grouping 3 different kinds tissues of the body muscle, bone, and nervous (the kind damaged in TBI).